Pursuing a Masters in Germany is a worthwhile option for any expat because it can lead to a fruitful career path. The country has one of the lowest levels of unemployment in the European Union. Qualified workers have access to a lucrative job market, since highly competitive German companies are always looking for well-trained people. Owning a German Master’s degree would be very beneficial for any expat looking for a job in the nation. After completing the Master’s program, candidates have 18 months to secure a job. That period reduces to six months for those who return to their home country after completing their degree.
What are the possible job opportunities in Germany after Masters? The most in-demand careers in the European nation are geriatric caregivers, mechanical engineers, automotive engineers, electrical engineers, structural engineers. IT specialists, telecommunication engineers, physicians, scientists, mathematicians, nursing professionals, and business administrators are also in high demand.
On top of the lucrative job market for a career in any of the above fields, the nation offers a nice place to work for many other reasons. It’s the top European country for rapid innovation; therefore it’s an attractive place for those who want to become researchers. Additionally, work life is well balanced here. Workers in every German firm are not permitted to work for over eight hours per day. And the average number of weekly work hours is 35, which lets people have enough time to pursue other interests. Moreover, the minimum wage is quite high, housing costs are relatively low, and the transport system is affordable. Here, I take a look at the most prominent industries, in-demand careers and jobs with the highest pay in Germany.
The Most Prominent Industries
In this European nation, the most prominent sectors are:
· Healthcare & Medical technology: The country is a leader in the production of high quality medical equipment. Germans mainly focus on diagnostic imaging, optical technology, and high precision medical and dental devices. The German market is the third largest in the globe after US and Japan, and it’s the largest in Europe. The German medical devices market accounts for about $41 billion yearly. Core industry drivers include innovation, a robust financial foundation for the sector, and a thriving startup scene. Additionally, the healthcare system is strong in regards to infrastructure, trained personnel and hospital beds. With a well-established infrastructure, the German healthcare sector is the largest employer in the country with at least 7.3 employees. One of six jobs in the nation is linked to the healthcare industry, which generates about $413 billion.
· Chemicals and pharmaceuticals: The German chemical and pharmaceuticals industry is the largest in Europe and the fourth-largest in the whole world. Ottoman von Mayenburg, a German pharmacist, developed the modern-day toothpaste in his Dresden pharmacy in 1907. Aspirin is yet another German creation made by Felix Hoffman, a young chemist, in 1897. Furthermore, contact lenses were invented in 1887 by Dr. Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick, a German ophthalmologist. The German chemical-pharmaceutical sector with its vast range of products and numerous innovations is a key supplier for other industries.
· Aerospace: The German aerospace sector has witnessed unprecedented success for many decades. Over 108,000 people are directly employed by the aerospace industry in the country. The employment levels have gone up consistently since mid-1990s when just about 68,000 people worked under the sector. Another 900,000 indirect job opportunities are created by the German aerospace industry yearly.
· Information and Communication Technology (ICT): ICT is a vital part of the German economy. Although the ICT sector is dominated by several big groups, it features many small- and mid-sized businesses. The industry provides employment for more than one million persons. It has generated around 150,000 new employment opportunities over the last five years. In 2019, it’s estimated that 40,000 new opportunities will be added.
· Automotive: The German automotive industry is one of the largest worldwide employers with a labor force of more than 857,336. As the home of the modern car, the country’s automobile sector is highly competitive and innovative. Some of the big names in the industry are BMW, Volkswagen, Daimler, Adam Open and Ford-Werke.
· Nanotechnology: The German nanotech landscape is rich and diverse, with industry players catering to the solid demand for nanotechnology. The German government puts more funding into this sector than any other European nation and has new initiatives for expansion. Some of the major nanotech-oriented companies in the country include Accurion GmbH, Aixtron, Anfatec, AQUANOVA, and Attocube Systems.
Other prominent industries are mechanics, steel & metal, energy & environmental technology, electrical & electronics, precision engineering & optics, and construction.
The Most In-Demand Careers
The following types of professionals are highly sought after by German organizations:
· Geriatric Caregivers: For foreigners looking for German jobs, health and elderly care is a sector that can’t be overlooked. Currently, the field of geriatric care has the hugest number of vacancies in the country. It is the quickest growing area within the German healthcare system. That’s because of population aging and retirement of baby boomers. Germans enjoy one of the longest life expectancies in Europe at 82 years for males and 85 years for females. Almost 2.6 million German elderly persons need long-term geriatric care and the number is estimated to increase to 3.5 million by 2030. About 1 million people work in geriatric care in the country and many more will be required in the future. The average salary of geriatric caregivers is €49,938
· Automotive Engineers: The average salary for automotive engineers is €50,625 in the European nation. An automotive engineer develops and enhances mechanisms and designs in the automotive sector. They are employed by original equipment manufacturers or companies that manufacture vehicles. Proficiency with design software is essential because much of the work is conducted on a computer using CAD software. Some of the work however, is practical, like trying out new technologies
· Structural Engineers: With an average salary of €43,334 per year, German structural engineers design and develop various types of infrastructures. They work closely with the construction industry and are employed by contractors, local authorities, utility firms and other industrial organizations
· Doctors: Physicians in German clinics are mostly employed under a collective bargaining agreement. The average salary of a medical doctor is €83,000. However, it’s important for foreign doctors to learn the German language in order to communicate with patients effectively
· Mechanical Engineers: A mechanical engineer earns an average pay of €49,255 per year. Such an engineer participates in the planning and production of new items by conducting engineering duties
· Electrical Engineers: The average salary of an electrical engineer with a master’s is €62,680. Electrical engineers design and develop new electrical systems, solve problems and test equipment
· IT Specialists: Information technology specialists take home an average of €52,977 per year. They work closely with a range of technology products, from the design phase to regular repair and maintenance
· Scientists: Biology, chemistry and physics graduates are in high demand on the employment market. The average starting salary of a scientist is £47,200
· Telecommunication Engineers: They work with an organization’s Ethernet, operating system, firewall systems and computer network. Such engineers work with each facet of a company’s information technology operations. The average salary is €57,165 per year for Masters graduates
· Mathematicians: Master of Science, Mathematics graduates earn an attractive salary of €83,588 per year. Mathematicians work in a variety of areas including academia, astronomy, climate study, healthcare, national security, robotics, business, and robotics. Due to the prevalence of computers at work and leisure, mathematicians continue to touch everybody in modern society
· Business Administrators: The average salary of business administrators ranges between €45,000 and €70,986 per year. Administrators work in every industrial sector, from single-person businesses to companies with thousands of workers
· Nursing Professionals: Nurses are highly sought-after professionals. The German government aims to create plenty of new jobs, and to make the occupation more attractive to young people. The average salary of a nursing professional is about €49,938 per annum
Occupations with the Highest Salaries
Expats with master’s degrees should know that the following jobs offer some of the highest wages in the European country:
- Medical Professional: €48,000 – €102,000 yearly
- Professor: €85,768 per year
- Mathematician: €83,588 per annum
- Finance/Accounting Expert: €61,241 per annum
- Systems Administrator: €55,255 annually
- ICT Specialist: €52,977 annually
- Research Scientist: €52,470 per annum
- Sales Expert: €48,596 per year
- Engineer: €48,100 per year
- Technician: €47,831 per year
- Hospitality Industry Specialist: €45,988 per year
Where to Start Your Job Search
The European Job Mobility Portal (EURES) is a database that offers comprehensive listing of job openings throughout the EU. It can be accessed to check for job opportunities in a range of German sectors. The portal is open for use to non-EU citizens.
In addition to the EURES, one can search for work at Bundesagentur Fur Arbeit (The Federal Employment Agency). It’s the largest provider of employment market services in the country. The agency handles job and training placement, and also provides professional counseling and covers employment benefits.
Moreover, German privately-run job portals such as Monster, XING, Kununu, StepStone and Jarocco provide a list of job openings. Recruitment agencies and newspaper listings are also viable job search options.
The German Government hotline offers counseling services on immigration. For any queries on living or working in the country, the hotline is an excellent source for information. Although the hotline does not provide job listings, experts on the platform offer useful tips on how to go about finding employment.
About the author: Marta Kovachek is the author of this article. She graduated from the University of Chicago with a master’s degree in Economics. Marta enjoys writing about the current economic situation and loves helping our readers to find their next "destination". From places to live to complex social and economic topics, we always enjoy Marta's work. Please contact us in case of any questions.